Browse Items (25 total)

The Ionians were clusters of people in Modern-day Turkey, but were never a united city-state like Sparta or Athens. These peoples fell to Persia first because of their location and lack of unity, but led a revolt after being enslaved that helped win…

The battle of Mycale was another naval battle that the Persians lost in a Strait after being disoriented, and this particular battle decimated the Persian fleet and ended the Greco-Persian war.
After this battle, Xerxes did not attempt another…

King Darius I had Persepolis built as a lasting palace for his home and a home for his successors to come. King Xerxes I used this palace as a launching point for his army, and it is where he fled to after leaving Mardonius in charge of the Persian…

The Athenian Fleet was smaller and newer than the Persian Fleet, but the strategic maneuvering of Themistokles of Greece led to important victories at Salamis and Mycale.

Themistocles of Greece was a General for Athens at the Battle of Marathon and all of the Second Persian Invasion, including decisive victories at Salamis and Plataea, but he was still at sea when the Persians sacked Athens.
Themistocles was regarded…

This picture displays modern-day Thermopylae where the Phocian Wall was placed to funnel the Persian forces into the Greek Phalanx, and it also shows how narrow that space actually was.
The coastline used to be where the highway is now, and that is…

This map shows the path the Persian Army took as it tore through Greece, with an insert to show the path the Elites took to get around the Spartan Phalanx at Thermopylae.
This map is needed to outline the broader scope of the Greco-Persian war to…

The Battle of Plataea was the final nail in the coffin for Xerxes's land invasion of Greece because of the city's advantageous location, backed up against a mountainside.
The location is important because the Persian Army pushed hard towards the…

Xerxes I carried his father's ambitions and invaded Greece, making it a lot further than his father did.
Xerxes was bloodthirsty and killed anyone in his path, leading to a deadly and brutal war against the Greek city-states.

Spartan hoplites, typically wearing red, were fierce soldiers that lived, breathed, and died warriors. Three hundred Spartans, with the help of other Greek soldiers, held off Xerxes at the battle of Thermopylae. The rest of the Spartan forces marched…
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